Hemşirelerin Periferal İntravenöz Kateter Girişimlerine İlişkin Bilgi Düzeylerinin İncelenmesi

Sevgi AYDIN, Gülşah GÜROL ARSLAN

Özet


Öz

Giriş: Literatürde hemşirelerin periferal intravenöz kateter uygulama bilgi ve becerilerinin kateterizasyon işlem başarısına ve katetere bağlı komplikasyonların önlenmesine etki eden faktörlerden biri olarak tanımlanmaktadır. Amaç: Bu çalışma, hemşirelerin periferal intravenöz kateter girişimlerine ilişkin bilgi düzeylerinin incelenmesi amacıyla planlanmıştır. Yöntem: Bu çalışma kesitsel-tanımlayıcı bir çalışma olup, örneklemini 19 Haziran 2017-31 Ekim 2017 tarihleri arasında, iki üniversite hastanesi ve bir devlet hastanesinin tüm dâhili ve cerrahi birimlerinde çalışan ve araştırmaya katılmaya gönüllü olan 438 hemşire oluşturmuştur. Veriler “Tanıtıcı Özellikler Veri Formu” ve “Periferal İntravenöz Kataterizasyon Bilgi Formu” ile toplanmıştır. Veriler yüzdelik ve ki kare testleri ile değerlendirilmiştir. Bulgular: Araştırmaya katılan hemşirelerin yaş ortalaması 33.77±7.29 ve %96.1’i kadındır. Eğitim durumları incelendiğinde %72.8’i lisans mezunu olup, ortalama hizmet süresi 11.59±7.86’dır. Hemşirelerin %41.6’sı periferal intravenöz girişime ilişkin eğitim aldığını ifade etmiştir. Çalışma sonucunda yaş, çalışılan klinik, kurumdaki pozisyon, sıklıkla çalışılan vardiya, toplam çalışma saati, çalışma koşullarını iyi olarak değerlendirme, meslekten memnuniyet düzeyi değişkenlerinin periferal intravenöz kateterizasyon uygulaması bilgi düzeyini etkilediği saptanmıştır. Sonuç: Araştırma sonucunda hemşirelerin periferal intravenöz kateterizasyon uygulaması bilgi düzeyi orta düzeydedir. Hemşirelerin bireysel ve kurumsal özellikleri dikkate alınarak eğitimlerin planlanması önerilmektedir.

Anahtar Kelimeler:  Periferal İntravenöz Kateter, İntravenöz Kateterizasyon, Bilgi Düzeyi, Hemşire.

 

Abstract

Evaluation of Nurses' Knowledge Levels About Peripheral Intravenous Catheter Initiatives

Background: In literature, peripheral intravenous catheter application knowledge and skills of nurses are defined as one of the factors affecting the success of catheterization procedure and prevention of catheter related complications. Objectives: This study was planned to examine the knowledge levels of nurses about peripheral intravenous catheterization. Methods: The sample of this descriptive cross-sectional study consisted of 438 nurses who were working in the internal units and surgical units of two university hospitals and a state hospital between July-October, 2017 and who volunteered to participate in the study. The data were collected using the Introductory Information Form and the Peripheral Intravenous Catheterization Information Form. Data analysis was performed using percentages and chi-square tests. Results: The participants’ average age was 33.77±7.29, 96.1% were female, and 72.8% had a bachelor’s degree. Their mean work period was 11.59±7.86 years, and 41.6% had received education on peripheral intravenous interventions. The results from this study showed that the nurses’ knowledge on peripheral intravenous catheterization was affected by their age, the clinic where they work, the shift they regularly worked, total working hours, their positive evaluations on the working conditions, and their level of satisfaction with the profession. Conclusion: As a result of the research, the knowledge level of nurses about application of peripheral intravenous catheterization is moderate. It is suggested to plan the trainings considering the individual and institutional characteristics of the nurses.

Key Words: Peripheral Intravenous Catheter, Intravenous Catheterization, Level of Knowledge, Nurses.

 


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